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mar. 28/03/2017 Réunion Interne
Réunion DENDY + talk E. Geva (Univ Toronto)
10h-12h
ISH, E. Léger

Language and Literacy Skills in Emerging Bilinguals with Typical and Less Typical Development

by Professor Esther Geva (Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), University of Toronto)

ABSTRACT
With the high number of immigrants and refugees to Europe, North America and the Australian continent, most of whom are second language (L2) learners, it is important to understand what are the language and literacy needs of culturally and linguistically diverse children and adolescents - those who are typically developing, those whose education has been disrupted, and those who may have a learning disability (LD).
Much of my research on L2 reading development has been guided by general questions such as: What does typical development of language and literacy skills in L2 look like? Do L2 learners catch up with their monolingual peers? Are models of reading based on monolingual readers applicable where L2 students are concerned? What aspects of reading are related to language proficiency in the L2 and what aspects are not? How do reading and language skills in the native language relate to L2 reading skills? Is it possible to identify reading disabilities or language impairment in L2 learners even when they are not fluent in the L2? In my presentation I will address these fundamental questions and illustrate some general trends on the basis of research conducted in my lab. Depending on interest and time constraints I will discuss the implications of this research for practice, professional training, and policy.


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mar. 28/03/2017 Journée d'études Typologie des langues du Caucase
9h-17h
ISH - salle Elise Rivet

Morning session: 9.00 - 12.00

1. An overview of East Caucasian languages and their neighbours: families, contacts, typological profiles (approx. 30 min) Michael Daniel

This is a short survey of the linguistic families endemic to, or represented in, the Caucasus. We will provide a very general introduction to the typological properties of the languages of the Caucasus, focusing on the languages of the East Caucasian language family.

2. Moods in East Caucasian (60 min) Nina Dobrushina
In this lecture, I will present a survey of non-indicative moods in East Caucasian. I will treat expression of inducement to different persons (imperative / hortative / jussive), morphosyntactic structure of volitional clauses, and the meaning of the optative in Daghestanian languages. I will also discuss the domain of irrealis, with a special focus on conditional constructions.

3. Two ditransitive strategies in East Caucasian: Recipient split? (90 mins) Michael Daniel
East Caucasian languages show a typologically rare pattern of discriminating two types of 'give'-situations by alternating inflectional marking on the recipient NP. I will walk the audience through different possible semantic interpretations of the phenomenon, to come up, in the end, with a less obvious - but also more theoretically plausible and promising - interpretation of the contrast, ultimately linking it to the two-layered model of semantic roles and the dual nature of the situations of transfer.

Afternoon session: 13.30 - 17.00

4. Person agreement in Archi, Dargwa and Nakh: gender or what? (90 mins) Michael Daniel

Unlike the widespread gender, person agreement is not typical of East Caucasian languages. Archi, Dargwa and Nakh do person reference by means of gender agreement (person by other means, in terms of Corbett et al's). Unlike other NPs with plural human reference, first and second plural pronouns unexpectedly control non-human plural agreement. After discussing some typologically peculiar morphosyntactic properties of this agreement, I will suggest, as one possibility, a functional explanation of how this pattern may have emerged.

5. Where have all the adjectives ended up: a study in Archi statives (60 mins) Michael Daniel
It is well known from the typology of property words that adjectives is the least stable part-of-speech category, torn between nouns and verbs. The typological profile under which the property words are verbs is sometimes called adjectival-verb languages. In this paper, I argue that merely showing that a property word is a predicate rather than an attribute is not equivalent to arguing that it is, morphosyntactically, a verb. To use Dixon's metaphor (Where have all adjectives gone?) , Archi is an example of a language whose property words certainly went all the way to become predicative items. However, they remained a separate morhosyntactic class and did not (fully) assimilate with verbs.

6. Agreement classes in East Caucasian: the rise and fall of structuralism (60+ mins if we have time) Michael Daniel
If we will survive so far in this long day, I will consider nominal class (gender) systems in several East Caucasian languages. Here, a small set of cognate markers are combined into multiple singular - plural pairs, forming from three to many 'agreement classes'. I will show that following the insightful Zalizniak's structuralist approach in his seminal book on Russian gender does not provide a plausible description of the gender systems in East Caucasian. Instead of ascribing nominal class (gender) to a lexical item on the whole, one should ascribe it separately to its number forms, singular vs. plural. This provides a more semantically transparent and more parsimonious description of at least some of the systems.


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ven. 31/03/2017 Atelier typologie sémantique -- Experimental stimuli
Participative session on the participants’ own experience with experimental stimuli and discussion
14h-16h
ISH, Berty Albrecht

The goal of this seminar is to collaboratively elaborate a kit of experimental stimuli in the framework of semantic typology. While the general description of a language requires to be based on a balanced corpora (e.g. Himmelmann 1998), the semantic exploration of the language can undoubtedly be facilitated by experimental stimuli, especially non-linguistic ones (Lüpke 2009; Majid 2012; Ponsonnet 2014). Such stimuli not only help to seize semantic specificities in a language, but also allow to investigate variation within a community and may facilitate crosslinguistic comparison.

The specific domain to be considered in this seminar is the “apprehensional domain” or the grammatical expression of fear, defined as a judgement of undesirable possibility (Vuillermet Accepted). Apprehensional morphology is so far little known in the literature (see for e.g. Plank’s 2013 call), probably for some of the following reasons: heterogeneous terminology, infrequency in corpora and (consequently) short accounts (if any) in grammatical descriptions. However, a preliminary crosslinguistic investigation shows that such morphemes are present in a number of languages, especially in the Amazonian and Australian areas.

The collaborative reflection on an adequate stimuli will not only benefit from the various fieldwork experience of the DDL field linguists, but also from its psycholinguists. The seminar will be organized as follows:

  • 1st session (17/02): Introduction of the apprehensional domain and the parameters to be considered
  • 2nd session (10/03): Presentation of experimental stimuli in Psycholinguistics (by N. Bedouin)
  • 3rd session (17/03): Broad typology of materials used in field linguistics (by M. Vuillermet)
  • 4th session (31/03): Participative session on the participants’ own experience with stimuli and associated discussion
  • 5th session (21/04): Brainstorming on possible stimuli targeting the apprehensional domain.

Himmelmann, Nikolaus. 1998. Documentary and Descriptive Linguistics. Linguistics 36. 161–195.
Lüpke, Friederike. 2009. Research methods in language documentation. Language Documentation and Description 6. 53–100.
Majid, Asifa. 2012. A guide to stimulus-based elicitation for semantic categories. In Nicholas Thieberger (ed.),The Oxford handbook of linguistic fieldwork, 54–71. New York: Oxford University Press.
Plank, Frans. 2013. What exactly is ...? A new feature: Call for contributions. Linguistic Typology 17(2). 267–268.
Ponsonnet, Maïa. 2014. Documenting the language of emotions in Dalabon (Northern Australia): Caveats, solutions and benefits. In Aicha Belkadi, Kakia Chatsiou & Kirsty Rowan (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Language Documentation and Linguistic Theory 4, 1–13. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Verstraete, Jean-Christophe. 2005. The semantics and pragmatics of composite mood marking: The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia. Linguistic Typology 9(2).
Vuillermet, Marine. Accepted. The apprehensional domain in Ese ejja: making the case for a typological domain? In Maïa Ponsonnet & Marine Vuillermet (eds.). Special issue in Studies in Language -- Morphemes and Emotions across the World’s Languages. 27p.




ven. 07/04/2017 Réunion Interne
Axe Dendy - Atelier Méthodes - logiciel Phon
11h-12h
Salle Frossard - ISH

Lors de cet Atelier méthodes Laetitia de Almeida nous présentera le logiciel Phon


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ven. 07/04/2017 Atelier Morphosyntaxe -- Imperatives & commands
Antoine Guillaume : A preliminary investigation of directive moods in Tacana(Takanan family, Amazonian Bolivia)
14h-16h
ISH, Ennat Léger

Tacana has a complex morphological system on the verb for encoding directive force. The system is made of prefixes (me- or pa-), suffixes (-ke, -ji or -ja), and a clause initial particle (be), which combine in different ways in order to yield four distinct directive categories (imperative, prohibitive, restricted hortative and extended hortative) which are specified for the number (singular, dual or plural) of the performer: imperative -ke (2SG) and me-…-ke (2DL/PL), prohibitive be …-ji (2SG) and be me-…ji (2DL/PL), restricted hortative me- (1DL.INCL, 1SG→2SG) and me-…-ja (1PL.INCL) and extended hortative pa- (1DL.INCL, 1DL.EXCL, 1SG and 3SG/DL/PL) and pa-…-ja (1PL.INCL and 1PL.EXCL). The talk will discuss all four directive categories with a particular focus on the extended hortative category, which partly overlaps functionally with the restricted hortative and which can also be used in purpose clauses.




mar. 11/04/2017 Réunion Interne
Data session (réunion interne)
14h-16h
ISH - salle Berty Albrecht
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ven. 14/04/2017 Atelier Morphosyntaxe -- Imperatives & commands
Brigitte Pakendorf: The imperative domain in Even (and beyond)
14h-16h
ISH, Ennat Léger

Even is a Northern Tungusic language spoken in small dispersed communities spread over northeastern Siberia, with a high degree of dialectal fragmentation. This talk is based on data from two peripheral dialects – the Lamunkhin dialect from the western edge of the language's distribution and the Bystraja dialect from the eastern periphery – which differ considerably at all levels. The imperative domain consists of the canonical 2nd person imperative, 1st person hortative, 3rd person jussive, as well as an admonitive mood. The canonical imperative comprises two forms, one for commands that have immediate time reference, the other with distant future reference. This formal distinction between immediate future and distant future reference is also found for 1pl hortatives in the Lamunkhin dialect. In my data, the admonitive mood is practically restricted to the Bystraja dialect, where it expresses a warning to avoid the undesirable consequence of an action. Depending on the availability of time, I will end with a brief discussion of the areal distribution of the immediate future/distant future distinction in imperatives. As will be shown, this feature can plausibly be traced to Evenki and Even structural influence in the absence of borrowing of any forms.




mer. 19/04/2017 Axe DENDY - Atelier R : Stats paramétriques/Non paramétriques (Groupe 1)
14h-17h
ISH - Salle A.Frossard
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jeu. 20/04/2017 Répétition de soutenance
N. Chevrier
10h
André Frossard (ISH, sous-sol)

Répétition de la soutenance de thèse : (26 avril)

"Analyse de la phonologie du bribri (chibcha) dans une perspective typologique :
nasalité et géminée modulée"


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jeu. 20/04/2017 Atelier HELAN2, Léa de Carolis: Phonosymbolisme : effet bouba-kiki et lexiques de noms d’animaux dans des langues étrangères
14h00-15h30
ISH-Andre Frossard
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ven. 21/04/2017 Atelier Typologie Sémantique
14h-16h
ISH, Berty Albrecht

Brainstorming: what experimental stimuli for the exploration of the apprehensional domain?




lun. 24/04/2017
> 25/04/2017
Workshop LED-TDR : SOCIOLINGUISTICS OF ENDANGERED LANGUAGES - Profiles, Post-vernacularity and Revitalization
9h-18h
E. Léger / E. Rivet

Ce workshop abordera le thème de la revitalisation des langues en danger à travers le modèle des « profils sociolinguistiques » développé par LED TDR, en particulier autour des points suivants :
- Acteurs & idéologies (journée du lundi)
- Postvernacularité (mardi matin)
- Documentation de LED (mardi après-midi)

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This workshop will address the topic of revitalization of endangered languages, through the model of "sociolinguistic profiles" developed by LED TDR, in particular according to the following points:
- Actors & Ideologies (Monday)
- Postvernacularity (Tuesday morning)
- Documentation of Endangered languages (Tuesday afternoon)


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mer. 26/04/2017 Analyse de la phonologie du bribri (chibcha)
dans une perspective typologique :
nasalité et géminée modulée
14h
Amhi Benvéniste (86, rue Pasteur)
Soutenance de doctorat de : Natacha Chevrier

Jury :

Didier Demolin, Professeur, Université Paris 3, LPP
Colette Grinevald, Professeure Émérite, Université Lyon 2, DDL
Ian Maddieson, Professeur, Université du Nouveau Mexique (États-Unis)
Sophie Manus, Maître de Conférence, Université Lyon 2, DDL
Gérard Philippson, Professeur Émérite, INALCO, DDL
Carlos Sánchez Avendaño, Maître de Conférence, Université du Costa Rica
Leo Wetzels, Professeur, Université Libre d’Amsterdam (Pays Bas)


Résumé :

Le bribri est une langue chibcha parlée au Costa Rica (Amérique Centrale). Les langues chibcha représentent la principale famille de l’Aire Intermédiaire (Constenla 1991), qui relie la Mesoamérique aux zones amazonienne et andine. Ce sont cependant toutes des langues en danger, encore relativement peu décrites.

Cette thèse est une analyse de la phonologie du bribri (Schlabach 1974 ; Wilson 1974 ; Constenla 1981 ; Jara 2004), problématisée autour de ses caractéristiques typologiques :

(i) Le système nasal : le bribri fait partie des rares langues du monde dans lesquelles la nasalité n’est pas distinctive pour les consonnes. Les consonnes nasales présentes dans l’output sont le résultat d’harmonies nasales (Cohn 1993 ; Walker 1998, 2001) et d’hypervoisement par abaissement du voile du palais (Iverson & Salmons 1996 ; Solé 2009). Alors que le premier processus avait en partie été décrit pour le bribri (Wilson 1970 ; Constenla 1982, 1985 ; Tohsaku 1987), le second n’avait pas encore été identifié dans cette langue.

(ii) La consonne /tk/ : une unité distinctive, combinant deux lieux, sans pour autant être une consonne doublement articulée, contrairement à ce qui avait précédemment été décrit (Lehmann 1920 ; Schlabach 1974 ; Wilson 1974 ; Constenla 1981 ; Jara 2004). Je propose de l’analyser comme une géminée modulée (contour segment, Sagey 1990).

La présente étude s’inscrit dans la lignée des travaux qui considèrent que les structures phonologiques doivent être expliquées par des contraintes phonétiques, comme les travaux précurseurs d’Ohala (1975, 1981, 1983). J’utilise plus particulièrement le modèle de la Phonologie Articulatoire (Browman & Goldstein 1986, 1989). Les analyses s’appuient sur des données acoustiques, récoltées dans deux communautés bribri entre 2012 et 2014 (Bajo Coen - Coroma et Amubre).

En plus d’une démarche typologique et phonétique, j’adopte une approche dialectale et diachronique, afin de mieux appréhender le système phonologique de la langue.


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mer. 26/04/2017 Axe DENDY - Atelier R : Stats paramétriques/Non paramétriques (Groupe 2)
9h30-12h30
ISH - Salle A. Frossard
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jeu. 27/04/2017 Réunion Interne
Projet "Deixis dynamique" (réunion interne)
10h-17h
ISH - salle Berty Albrecht


ven. 28/04/2017 Atelier LED-TDR : The Role of the Myanmar Language as a Medium of Instruction in Higher Education - Professor Thant Sin Aye, Deputy Director General, National Education Policy Commission
14h-16h
ISH - Berty Albrecht (100A)

This study brings into focus the position of the Myanmar Language as a medium of instruction at the undergraduate level in six institutions. This research attempts to examine the attitudes and perceptions of teachers and learners to the medium of instruction in teaching academic disciplines. The main objective of this paper is to explore the current situations of teaching-learning process using a Myanmar medium of instruction in higher education. The tools which were used to collect data are questionnaires and interview with teachers and students from six different institutions: University of Yangon, Yangon University of Foreign Languages, Yangon University of Education, Yangon University of Economics, University of Medicine 1 and Myanmar Maritime University. The results of the study showed that although the texts and handouts are in English, Myanmar is regularly used as the medium of instruction in undergraduate classes. It seems to be quite helpful for students to understand the content of texts if the instruction is in Myanmar. Most of the participants in this research assumed that using bilingual medium of instruction will be more effective than monolingual one at higher education level. It is found that Myanmar as a medium of instruction in classrooms at higher education level is still of great importance in the context. However, it should be considered that English Medium Instruction will be more applicable than Myanmar Medium Instruction in higher institutions to study for a professional development of the faculty and students.


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