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ven. 24/01/2020 Atelier Typologie sémantique
Associated motion and posture in Araona
ISH, salle Berty Albrecht
Conférence de :
  • Adam Tallman (DDL)
dans le cadre DTT

This talk will provide a preliminary analysis of associated posture and motion in Araona, a Takanan language of Bolivia. The main focus of this talk will be to describe the categories in the language fleshing out aspects of their structure and meaning that require future research. A secondary focus of this talk will be the distinction between lexical and grammatical notions of motion and posture in Araona. Previous descriptions of Araona did not identify associated motion as a category in the language (e.g. Pitman 1980, Emkow 2006). While there are a number of morphemes that are clearly affixal (bound and uninterruptable) and grammatical (displaying backgrounded information, echo phenomena and seem to participate in a paradigm) (Guilluame 2016) there are others where it is less clear whether they should be regarded as markers of associated motion, motion verbs inside verb-verb compound constructions or both (see Guillaume 2013 for related facts in Tacana) Evidence for their potential compound status comes from their use as free form verb roots (or the presence of a verb root which is phonologically identical and semantically similar) and the fact that, in their modifier function, they appear adjacent to a verb base rather than seperated by affixal material. They also appear with motion+manner verbs suggesting that they may have a classificatory function akin to compound constructions (Bauer 2017). A similar situation arises with posture verbs. Posture verbs can appear in the verb root position and express the main event of a predicate. However, they can also appear as apparently suffixal modifiers of other verbs, where they can take on more semantically bleached and grammatical meanings (Guillaume 2013, forthcoming). This talk will consider the semantic and pragmatic differences between posture verbs as roots versus posture verbs as verb-modifiers / aspectual markers.


Bauer, L. (2017). Compounds and Compounding. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

Emkow, C. (2006). A Grammar of Araona, an Amazonian language of Northwestern Bolivia. La Trobte University, RCLT, PhD Thesis.

Guillaume, A. (2013). Classes lexicales de verbes, transitivité et composition verbal V+V en tacana (Amazonie bolivienne). Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS & Université Lumière de Lyon 2: Atelier de Morphosyntaxe.

Guillaume, A. (2016). Associated motion in South America: Typological and areal perspectives. Linguistic Typology, 20(1), 81-177.

Guillaume, A. (forthcoming). Takanan languages. In P. Epps, & L. Michael (Eds.), Amazonian Languages. An International Handbook. De Gruyter Mouton.

Pitman, D. (1980). Bosquejo de la Gramatica Araona. Riberalta: Summer Institute of Linguistics.



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