Dernière mise à jour : 15/10/2017

Brigitte PAKENDORF

  • Co-responsable de l'axe HELAN2
  • DR1, CNRS

 04 72 72 64 32

 brigitte.pakendorf@cnrs.fr

  • Equipes :
  • Description, Typologie, Terrain
  • Histoire et Ecologie du LANgage et des LANgues




 PRÉSENTATION

  • My main research focus is on interdisciplinary approaches to prehistoric language and population contact using both fine-grained molecular anthropological data as well as detailed linguistic investigations. This approach allows me to elucidate aspects of the social contact situation as well as the potential contact-induced changes wrought in the languages under study.

    I am able to undertake this kind of interdisciplinary work because I hold two PhD degrees: the first from the Faculty of Biology at the University of Hamburg, Germany, which I obtained in 2001 for a thesis on the genetic history of the Sakha (Yakuts) of Siberia, and the second from the Faculty of Letters, University of Leiden, Netherlands, which I obtained in 2007 for a thesis that investigated the effects of contact in the (pre-)history of the Sakha from a linguistic and molecular anthropological perspective.

    From 2007 through 2011 I had the opportunity to extend this interdisciplinary research beyond the rather narrow confines of my personal research in Siberia by leading the independent Max Planck Research Group on Comparative Population Linguistics at the MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. With this group, which comprised molecular anthropologists, linguists, and a social anthropologist, I undertook research projects – often in collaboration with scientists at other institutions – on population and language contact in Africa, Siberia, and Melanesia.

    Since January 2012 I have been a “Directeur de recherche” (Senior scientist) at the CNRS research unit Dynamique du Langage, where I continue my interdisciplinary research. My linguistic work focuses on the Tungusic language Even and the Turkic language Sakha (Yakut), for which I have collected oral corpora in several field trips to different villages in Yakutia and on Kamchatka. A newly initiated project involves the documentation of Negidal, a nearly extinct Tungusic language spoken by a handful of elderly women in the Lower Amur region of the Russian Far East. My molecular anthropological research is done in close collaboration with the Research Group on Human Population History at the Department of Evolutionary Genetics, MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig; the prehistory of southern African peoples speaking different languages is at the heart of this aspect of my work.

 THÈMES DE RECHERCHE

  • Documentation of Negidal, a nearly extinct Northern Tungusic language of the Lower Amur
  • Contact influence in the diversification of Even dialects
  • Molecular anthropological perspectives on prehistory in southern Africa
  • Molecular anthropological perspectives on (pre-)historic contact of Evens and Dolgans
  • Areal typology of Siberian languages

 ACTIVITÉS SCIENTIFIQUES

  • Member of the Editorial Board of Linguistic Typology (from January 2014)
  • Member of the Association for Linguistic Typology (ALT)
  • Member of the Societas Linguistica Europeae (SLE)

 TERRAIN

  • Genetic fieldwork in: Yakutia (2002, 2003, 2008), Kamchatka (2007), Solomon Islands (2004), Zambia (2007), Botswana (2009), Namibia (2011), Botswana & Namibia (2015; view report)
  • Linguistic fieldwork on Negidal in Vladimirovka, Khabarovskij Kraj (Feb-March 2017, July-Aug 2017)
  • Linguistic fieldwork on Even in: Sebjan-Küöl, Yakutia (2008, 2009, 2010, 2012), Central Kamchatka (2007, 2009, 2016)
  • Linguistic fieldwork on Sakha (Yakut) in: Verkhoyansk, Suntar, Olenek, and Taatta districts (2002), Verkhoyansk district (2003, 2006)

 RESPONSABILITÉ DE PROJETS

  • December 2016 - November 2019: "Documentation of Negidal, a nearly extinct Northern Tungusic language of the Lower Amur" (Project funded by ELDP/ARCADIA)
  • July-August 2015: Giving Them Their Genetic History: Returning the Results of Molecular Anthropological Studies to Southern Africa (Project funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation and the LabEx ASLAN; view report)
  • April 2012 – June 2014: Investigating the prehistory of southern African hunter-gatherers with Y-chromosome sequences (Project funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation and the Leakey Foundation)
  • April 2009 – March 2013: Documentation of the dialectal and cultural diversity among Ėvens in Siberia (DoBeS project funded by the Volkswagen Foundation)
  • September 2009 – August 2012: The Central Kalahari area with a focus on ǂHoan (Ju-ǂHoan family): language contact and population genetics” within the Collaborative Research Project “The Kalahari Basin area: a ‘Sprachbund’ on the verge of extinction” (EUROCORES programme ‘EuroBABEL’)
  • January 2007 – December 2011: Leader of Max Planck Research Group on Comparative Population Linguistics with projects on:
    • Population history of Western Zambia
    • Population relationships and language change in Burkina Faso
    • Documentation of ǂHoan with a focus on contact influence
    • Population relationships among Khoisan of Botswana and Namibia
    • Contact influence in the dialects of Ėven
    • Contact influence in the Dolgan language
    • Population prehistory and population contact in Siberia
    • Language contact and history in southern Bougainville, Papua New Guinea
    • Language contact between the languages Gela and Savosavo, Central Solomon Islands

 DISTINCTIONS OU FINANCEMENTS

  • December 2016 - November 2019: Grant from the Endangered Languages Documentation Programme (ELDP), www.eldp.net, for "Documentation of Negidal, a nearly extinct Northern Tungusic language of the Lower Amur" (MDP0346)
  • November 2016: Silver Medal of the CNRS)
  • July-August 2015: Engaged Anthropology Grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for "Giving Them Their Genetic History: Returning the Results of Molecular Anthropological Studies to Southern Africa"
  • July-August 2015: Grant from LabEx ASLAN for "Giving Them Their Genetic History: Returning the Results of Molecular Anthropological Studies to Southern Africa"
  • May 2012 - May 2013: General grant from the Leakey Foundation for “Investigating the prehistory of southern African hunter-gatherers with Y-chromosome sequences”.
  • April 2012 - June 2014: Post-PhD research grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for “Investigating the prehistory of ‘Khoisan’-speaking hunter-gatherers from southern Africa with large-scale Y-chromosome sequences”.
  • April 2009 – April 2013: DoBeS grant from the Volkswagen Stiftung for “Documentation of the dialectal and cultural diversity among Ėvens in Siberia” (together with Dejan Matić, Katharina Gernet, and Vasilij Robbek).
  • September 2009 – August 2012: DFG grant for “The Central Kalahari area with a focus on ǂHoan (Ju-ǂHoan family): language contact and population genetics” within the Collaborative Research Project “The Kalahari Basin area: a ‘Sprachbund’ on the verge of extinction” (EUROCORES programme ‘EuroBABEL’).

 ENSEIGNEMENTS

  • September 2016: Guest lecture (2 hrs) on 'Language diversity and Change' during course for Master 1 students on "Introduction à l'anthropologie génétique (archéogénétique): une approche multidisciplinaire at Marseilles Faculty of Medecin
  • September 2016 'Typology of Siberian Languages', European Summer School on Linguistic Typology, Porquerolles, France (6 hours)
  • May 2016: Course 'Typology of Siberian Languages', North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk (8 hours; in Russian)
  • September 2015: Course 'Molecular Anthropology and Prehistoric Social Practises', Faculty of Anthropology, European University in Saint Petersburg, Russia (8 hours)
  • September 2015: Course 'Historical Linguistics and Molecular Anthropology', Third Pavia International Summer School for Indo-European Linguistics, Italy (8 hours)
  • November 2014: Course on 'Language Contact', University of Sonora, Hermosillo, Mexico (20 hrs)
  • October 2013: Guest lecture (3 hrs) on 'Language diversity and Change' during course for Master 1 students on "Introduction à l'anthropologie génétique (archéogénétique): une approche multidisciplinaire at Marseilles Faculty of Medecin
  • June 2010: Course on ‘Language Contact’, LOT summer school in Nijmegen (10 hours)
  • October – December 2008: Advanced level seminar ‘The languages of Siberia – a typological overview’ at the Institute of Linguistics, University of Leipzig (30 hours)
  • October – November 2007: Advanced level seminar ‘The structure of Sakha (Yakut)’ at the Institute of Linguistics, University of Leipzig (30 hours)
  • October 2006 – February 2007: Advanced level seminar ‘Linguistic and genetic perspectives on language contact’ at the Institute of Linguistics, University of Leipzig (28 hours)
  • March 2006: ‘Genetic and linguistic diversity - a comparison’ at the Leipzig Spring School on Linguistic Diversity (8 hours)
  • February 2001: Practical course “Molecular genetics” at the Institute of Human Biology, University of Hamburg (36 hours)
  • February 2000: Practical course “Molecular genetics” at the Institute of Human Biology, University of Hamburg (36 hours)

 ACTIVITÉS D’ENCADREMENT

  • PhD students
    • Falko Berthold (ǂHoan morpho-syntax and selected aspects of the historical development of the language; co-supervision with Tom Güldemann, Humboldt Universität Berlin); from May 2009, thesis abandoned 10/2016
    • Mark Whitten (A novel approach for elucidating the complex maternal prehistories of Siberian ethnolinguistic groups using complete mitochondrial genomes); from August 2007, thesis defended at the University of Leipzig on 18.11.2016
    • Linda Gerlach (Phonetic and phonological description of the N!aqriaxe variety of ǂ’Amkoe and the impact of language contact; co-supervision with Tom Güldemann, Humboldt Universität Berlin); from April 2009, thesis defended at the Humboldt University on 25.11.2015
    • Natalia Aralova (Vowel harmony in two Even dialects: Production and perception; co-supervision with Sven Grawunder, MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology, and Silke Hamann and Paul Boersma, University of Amsterdam); from April 2009, thesis defended at the University of Amsterdam on 04.09.2015
    • Eugénie Stapert (Contact-induced change in Dolgan: An investigation into the role of linguistic data for the reconstruction of a people's (pre)history; official supervisor Maarten Mous, University of Leiden); from February 2008, thesis defended at the University of Leiden on 26.09.2013
    • Chiara Barbieri (Comparing genetic and linguistic diversity in African populations with a focus on the Khoisan of southern Africa; official supervisor Donata Luiselli, University of Bologna); from September 2009, thesis defended at the University of Bologna on 29.04.2013
    • Cesare de Filippo (Molecular Anthropological Perspectives on the Prehistory of Sub-Saharan Africa; official head of thesis committee Svante Pääbo, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology); from January 2007; thesis defended at the University of Leipzig on 08.04.2011
  • Master’s students
    • Penelope Wee (M1 thesis: La catégorisation sémantique et les langues et parlers issus de contact en situation de contact: notes en vue d’un travail ultérieur sur le papiá kristang et/ou le singlish); February 2015 - July 2016 (joint supervision with Anetta Kopecka)
    • Luise Zippel (Finiteness in Ėven: An investigation of verbal (non-)finiteness with a focus on a dialectal comparison of the perfect participle –čE [in German]); October 2011 – July 2012
  • Bachelor’s students
    • Jana Neuwirt (The educational system of the minority peoples of the north of Russia [in German]); January - July 2010

 AUTRES ACTIVITÉS INTERNATIONALES

  • July – August 2000: Research at the National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan
  • April – June 1998: Research at the South African Institute for Medical Research, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • April – June 1998: Research at the South African Institute for Medical Research, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • March – July 1995: Research at the Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Moscow, Russia
  • October 1993 – October 1994: Studies of biological anthropology at Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
PRINCIPALES PUBLICATIONS JUSQU'A 2011

 PRINCIPALES PUBLICATIONS ET CONFÉRENCES

  • Chapitres dans les ouvrages
    • Pakendorf, B. & Kuz'mina, R., 2016, "Evenskij jazyk [Even]", in Jazyk i obščestvo. Enciklopedija [Language and Society. An Encyclopedia], Mixal'čenko, V. (ed), Izdatel'skij Centr "Azbukovnik", pp. 583-587

    • Pakendorf, B., 2015, "A comparison of copied morphemes in Sakha (Yakut) and Ėven", in Borrowed Morphology, Gardani, F., Arkadiev, P. & Amiridze, N. (eds), Berlin/Boston/Munich, De Gruyter Mouton, pp. 157-187

    • Pakendorf, B., 2014, "Historical linguistics and molecular anthropology", in The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics, Bowern, C. & Evans, B. (eds), Oxon, New York, Routledge, pp. 627-641

    • Pakendorf, B., 2014, "Molecular anthropological perspectives on the Kalahari Basin area", in Beyond 'Khoisan'. Historical relations in the Kalahari Basin, Güldemann, T. & Fehn, A.M. (eds), Amsterdam/New York, John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 45–68

    • Pakendorf, B., 2014, "Paradigm copying in Tungusic: The Lamunkhin dialect of Ėven and beyond", in Paradigm Change. In the Transeurasian Languages and Beyond, Robbeets, M. & Bisang, W. (eds), Amsterdam, New York, John Benjamins, pp. 287-310

    • Pakendorf, B., 2013, "Incipient grammaticalization of a redundant purpose clause marker in Lamunxin Ėven: Contact-induced change or independent innovation?", in Shared Grammaticalization. With special focus on Transeurasian languages, Robbeets, M. & Cuyckens, H. (eds), Amsterdam, John Benjamins, pp. 259-283

    • Pakendorf, B., 2013, "The interplay of language-internal variation and contact influence in language change", in The Interplay of Variation and Change in Contact Settings, Léglise, I. & Chamoreau, C. (eds), Amsterdam, John Benjamins, pp. 199-227

    • Pakendorf, B., 2012, "Patterns of relativization in North Asia: towards a refined typology of prenominal participial relative clauses", in Complex clauses in Cross-linguistic perspective, Diessel, H. & Gast, V. (eds), de Gruyter Mouton, pp. 253-283

  • Articles de revues
    • Pakendorf, B., 2017, "Lamunkhin Even evaluative morphology in cross-linguistic comparison", Morphology, 27, pp. 123–158

    • Pakendorf, B., Gunnink, H., Sands, B. & Bostoen, K., 2017, "Prehistoric Bantu-Khoisan language contact: A cross-disciplinary approach", Language Dynamics and Change, 7:1, pp. 1-46

    • Pugach, I., Matveev, R., Spitsyn, V., Makarov, S., Novgorodov, I., Osakovsky, V., Stoneking, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2016, "The complex admixture history and recent southern origins of Siberian populations", Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33:7, pp. 1777-1795

    • Barbieri, C., Hübner, A., Macholdt, E., Ni, S., Lippold, S., Schröder, R., Mpoloka, S., Purps, J., Roewer, L., Stoneking, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2016, "Refining the Y chromosome phylogeny with southern African sequences", Human Genetics, 135:5, pp. 541-553

    • Macholdt, E., Slatkin, M., Pakendorf, B. & Stoneking, M., 2015, "New insights into the history of the C-14010 lactase persistence variant in Eastern and Southern Africa", American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156:4, pp. 661-664

    • Macholdt, E., Slatkin, M., Pakendorf, B. & Stoneking, M., 2015, "New insights into the history of the C-14010 lactase persistence variant in Eastern and Southern Africa: Corrigendum", American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 158:1, pp. 172

    • Gunnink, H., Sands, B., Pakendorf, B. & Bostoen, K., 2015, "Prehistoric language contact in the Kavango-Zambezi transfrontier area: Khoisan influence on southwestern Bantu languages", Journal of African Languages and Linguistics, 36:2, pp. 193-232

    • Barbieri, C., Güldemann, T., Naumann, C., Gerlach, L., Berthold, F., Nakagawa, H., Mpoloka, S., Stoneking, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2014, "Unraveling the complex maternal history of southern African Khoisan populations", American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153:3, pp. 435–448

    • Pickrell, J., Patterson, N., Loh, P.R., Lipson, M., Berger, B., Stoneking, M., Pakendorf, B. & Reich, D., 2014, "Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa", Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States, 111:7, pp. 2632-2637

    • Macholdt, E., Lede, V., Barbieri, C., Mpoloka, S., Chen, H., Slatkin, M., Pakendorf, B. & Stoneking, M., 2014, "Tracing Pastoralist Migrations to Southern Africa with Lactase Persistence Alleles", Current Biology, 24:8, pp. 875-879

    • Barbieri, C., Vicente, M., Oliveira, S., Bostoen, K., Rocha, J., Stoneking, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2014, "Migration and Interaction in a Contact Zone: mtDNA Variation among Bantu-Speakers in Southern Africa", PLoS ONE, 9:6, pp. [DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099117]

    • Pakendorf, B., 2014, "Coevolution of languages and genes", Curr Opin Genet Dev, 29, pp. 39-44

    • Pakendorf, B. & Krivoshapkina, I., 2014, "Ėven nominal evaluatives and the marking of definiteness", Linguistic Typology, 18:2, pp. 289–331

    • Barbieri, C., Butthof, A., Bostoen, K. & Pakendorf, B., 2013, "Genetic perspectives on the origin of clicks in Bantu languages from southwestern Zambia", European Journal of Human Genetics, 21:4, pp. 430-436

    • Barbieri, C., Vicente, M., Rocha, J., Mpoloka, S., Stoneking, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2013, "Ancient Substructure in Early mtDNA Lineages of Southern Africa", American Journal of Human Genetics , 92:2, pp. 285–292

    • Matić, D. & Pakendorf, B., 2013, "Non-canonical SAY in Siberia: Areal and genealogical patterns", Studies in Language, 37:2, pp. 356-412

    • Duggan, A., Whitten, M., Wiebe, V., Crawford, M., Butthof, A., Spitsyn, V., Makarov, S., Novgorodov, I., Osakovsky, V. & Pakendorf, B., 2013, "Investigating the prehistory of Tungusic peoples of Siberia and the Amur-Ussuri region with complete mtDNA genome sequences and Y-chromosomal markers", PLoS ONE, 8:12, pp. e83570; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083570

    • de Filippo, C., Bostoen, K., Stoneking, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2012, "Bringing together linguistic and genetic evidence to test the Bantu expansion", Proceedings of the Royal Society. Biological Sciences, 279:1741, pp. 3256-3263

    • Pickrell, J., Patterson, N., Barbieri, C., Berthold, F., Gerlach, L., Lipson, M., Loh, P.R., Güldemann, T., Kure, B., Mpoloka, S., Nakagawa, H., Naumann, C., Mountain, J., Bustamante, C., Berger, B., Henn, B., Stoneking, M., Reich, D. & Pakendorf, B., 2012, "The genetic prehistory of southern Africa", Nature Communications, 3:1143, pp. doi:10.1038/ncomms2140

    • Delfin, F., Myles, S., Choi, Y., Hughes, D., Illek, R., van Oven, M., Pakendorf, B., Kayser, M. & Stoneking, M., 2012, "Bridging Near and Remote Oceania: mtDNA and NRY Variation in the Solomon Islands", Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29:2, pp. 545-564

    • Barbieri, C., Whitten, M., Beyer, K., Schreiber, H., Li, M. & Pakendorf, B., 2012, "Contrasting maternal and paternal histories in the linguistic context of Burkina Faso", Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29:4, pp. 1213-1223

  • Communications
    • Aralova, N. & Pakendorf, B., 2017, "Phonetic variation in Negidal: sociolinguistic and contact situation", Workshop “Obsolescing grammars: the effects of language ecology on language structure”, Institut des Sciences de l’Homme, Lyon, France, 16 May 2017

  • Travail non publié
    • Rose, F., Pakendorf, B. & Fressard, C., 2013, "Poster Une journée de chercheur", CNRS